Glenbrook South Year-End Projects

The Physics of Sports

Internet Links

The following World Wide Web sites offer information relevant to your project. Depending on your particular research interest, some sites will obviously be more relevant than others. To optimize the efforts of your web search, each site has been described so that you might judge its usefulness in advance. As you proceed with your World Wide Web search, document your progress (both successes and failures) using the Web Site Trail sheet.


Human Kinetics

This is an awesome site! This site provides a gateway to web sites pertaining to the biomechanics of sports. Books and magazine articles are also referenced. You can search for sites according to a specific sport and receive links to useful information. Besides a specific sports, an excellent search topic is the Biomechanics of Sports.


Coaching Science



San Diego State University operates this site to provide information to coaches, athletes, students about the application of scientific research to the improvement of sports. While the emphasis of the site appears to be swimming, there are a variety of topics discussed through a collection of journal articles. In very little time, you are certain to find something interesting and extremely likely to find something useful.


Sports Science News


This is an extensive collection of online journals on human physical performance. It is well-organized, informative, up-to-date and understandable. There are several reasearch links, a forum for posting questions and receiving answers, and a Search button to search for specific information about selected topics.


Slam Dunk Science

Computer Mode/ling


Toyota Coporation provides annual grants to organizations interested in improving high school science education. This page is a by-product of one such grant. It is a must see for the mere reason that it provides an exceptional example of the type of study which you are intended to do. There is an overview (similar to our literature search); an Objectives, Materials, and Procedure section (similar to our Project Proposal); and a Discussion section (similar to our Discussion of Results section). The study involves the use of Interactive Physics to analyze the forces exerted on the knees and feet during running. The study provides an excellent example of how Interactive Physics can be used to study the physics of sports. Additional information (related links, references, and tools) can also be found at this site.


Univ. of Calgary

Kinesiology Dep't


The University of Calgary site provides both information on the physics of human motion as well as links to other sites which do. Particular attention should be paid to the Human Performance Lab, the Sports Medicine Centre, and the Computerized Sport Systems Group. Spend some serious time at this site and you will find discussion of how videotapes of sports movements are used to analyze the physics of sports (see Motion Plus). Other gems of information are also likely to be found.


Human Performance Technologies

This site conducts research on the physics of sports and maintains a wealth of information focusing on Sports and Technology. The process of braking the motion of complex systems into smaller units in order to conduct a scientific analysis is explained and demonstrated. The site also includes an explanation of their GolfLink program - a program which involves a scientific analysis of a person's golf swing using physical prinicples.



World Wide


This Web page provides a multiple of links to other sites. The links are categorized according to topic. Many of the topics deal with sports or sports-related movements. Be patient and spend some time using this page as the home-base for several cyber-space tours. Give particular attention to the link titled "Sports and Exercise Biomechanics;" using this link you will find a wealth of technical information about the physics of sports.


Univ. of Virginia Motion Analysis Lab


The Motion Analysis Lab at the University of Virgina conducts research on human gait (a fancy name for walking). This Web page explains their research and (perhaps more importantly) provides links to related Web sites.


Allyn and Bacon


Allyn and Bacon (a textbook publisher) operates this web site as a catalog/advertisement to books which they publish. This particular page lists several books about the physics (biomechanics and kinesiology) of sports and movement. By perusing the descriptions of their books, you are likely to gain some insight into the types of questions which biomechanicists and kinesiologists ask (and answer). The hope is that you would be able to gain some project ideas from these short descriptions. While direct information might be limited at this site, it ought to stimulate some direction for potential projects.


ISB Home Page



The International Society of Biomechanics provides a Web page about society information (unimportant), links to related sites (useful), and a e-mail discussion group (useful). The discussion group (Biomech-L) allows you to type in a keyword and search for any letters/publications regarding the keyword. There is a wealth of information available from this page about the physics of footwear, walking, and running (see Working Groups links). There is also a wealth of biomechanical data which might be useful if you need numerical values to plug into simiulation software to analyze a sports movement. And finally, the page describes and provides information about a variety of systems which are used to analyze the energy, force, momentum, and power of body segments in activities such as hurdling jumping, lifting, sprinting, basketball shooting, lifting, rowing, and swimming.


CICA Project





The Kinesiology Department at the Indiana University conducts research on sporting motions using high-speed cameras and computer visualization. This page (and other linked pages) describes their research and their results. There is an interesting discussion of how they have applied their video methods to analyze the dynamics of the high jump.


Sport and Exercise

Sciences Homepage


The School of Sports and Exercise Science at Birmingham University (in England) maintains this Web site with information about their sports research and studies. The site publishes information about sports science and also provides links to related Web sites. Their "Research Projects" section is recommended.


Professor Sigg's Page


Dr. Sigg is a Biomechanics professor at Ithaca College in New York. A few of the biomechanics labs which he uses in his first-year course are published on the web. Perhaps a particular lab may catch your interest and stimulate a few ideas.


OSU Biomechanics



The Biomechanic Laboratory is part of the Department of Exercise and Sports Science at Oregon State University. This Web page provides information about the lab's lab and research activities. It also contains world-wide links to biomechanics information. Be sure to investigate the topics listed under the "Research Abstracts" and the "Thesis and Presentation Abstracts" links. Topics include walking, running, skating, boxing, cycling, swimming, cross-country skiing, strength testing, trunk motion, and measurement methods.


Research Labs



The Department of Exercise and Sport Science maintains a Web site which describes the multitude of their research interests.


Kinesiology Research

Labs of Waterloo



This page describes (in detail) the research activities (some of which pertain to sports) of the Kinesiology department at the University of Waterloo in Ontario.


USC Biomechanics



The University of Southern California's Biomechanics Department posts a Web page which publishes information about their research and lab activities. The use of technology to conduct experiments and gather information about sports and movement is explained in detail. The page also contains a link to useful Web sites with information on biomechanics.


Physics of

Racing Series


This site contains a wealth of information about the physics of race car driving. Topics have exceptional scientific treatment.


Georgia Tech

Animations Lab


This an excellent site which reports on the use of computer simulations to analyze the physics of athletic behaviors. Actual computer models are demonstrated on-line (and are downloadable). The use of kinematics and dynamics to model motion is explained. Topics include cycling, gymnastics vaults, and platform diving.


Titleist Golf

Ball Technology

Titleist Golf Ball Company provides a rather elaborate web site with a solid discussion of aerodyanmics. Once at the site, click on the "No Frames" version and then look for Golf Ball technology discussion. The principles of aerodynamics are discussed and applied to the construction and ultimate motion of a golf ball. There is a wealth of physics available for any project group considering a project which focuses on spin, air drag, aerodynamics, and projectile-like motion. Golf club technology is also discussed and illustrated. This site is highly recommended!!!


Gatorade Sports

Science Institute


login ID = "physics163"

password = "titan"

What a site! The Gatorade Sports Science Institute has a wealth of technical journal articles published by their institute since 1993. The site is now a members-only site; we have joined and our login ID is "physics163" and our password is "titan." Article titles include "Training for Imporved Vertical Jump." "Basic Principles of Improving Sports Performance," "Force, Work, and Power in Athletic Training," "Mechanics of the Baseball Throw," and "Choosing the Correct Running Shoe," and many more. Articles are lengthy and filled with information; in many instances, they pertain directly to the physics (as opposed to the anatomy or biology or physiology) of sports.


Jump Physics



This site lists a wealth of links to ice skating and figure skating sites. Most of the linked sites pertain to the biomechanics and physics of skating. There are two articles linked from the site. While some of the article information may be rather technical, they are still useful for extracting relevant data and for getting a feel for what biomechanical studies are all about.


The Basic Physics of

Jumping and Rotating


This site features a vey understandable discussion of the biomechanics and physics of jumping and rotating in ice skating. The site is well organized and well written. It would make an exceptional starting point for investigation of a very study-able topic.


The Mining Company



A real live person at The Mining Company has indexed a variety of sites pertaining to the physics of sports and recreation. As of this writing, topics include skydiving, tennis, Take a peek and see what he has found.


The Physics of

Tennis Racquets


A phyics professor and tennis enthusiast from down under has compiled a marvelous page on the phyics of sweet spots, dead spots, vibrations, nodes, etc. You will probably (and should) understand it.


The Physics of



This is a short page which serves as a sequel and excellent complement to the page mentioned above. The focus of the page is on the phyiscs associated with the baseball bat collision. It;s worth a short look.


Sport! Science at

The Exploratorium



This site is exceptionally done (as are all of the Exploratorium pages). The site includes a wealth of scientific information appropriate for high school students. Topics which are most covered included hockey, baseball, and cycling. In addition to information, there are links, a Q&A section, and an archive of questions and answers (good sources for information about rugby, golf, frisbee, hockey, and baseball). You would be foolish to ignore this site.


Physics and Sports



This is a paper written by a college student (I think). It may instigate some ideas about the types of analysis and discussion which you can include in your theory section.


Georgia Tech

Animation Lab


The animation lab at Georgia Tech University is interested in simulating human motion of behaviors such as running, bicycling, diving, and vaulting. The site includes a wealth of graphics, animations, and descriptions of their study procedures. This is an excellent site for learning how biomechanists fo about their work of analyzing complex movements as a series of simpler motions. Many of their articles are downloadable.


Physics of Sports



This is one of the few physics of sports courses offered at a university which has a set of internet pages. From this page, you can access a wealth of physics relevant to sports. This is a very worthwhile site. Spend some time here; it's definitely a WOW! site.


Science of the

Summer Games


This site features a discussion of some of the physics behind the summer olympic games. Besides information, there is a long list of references which might help you in your research.

Return to:

The Physics of Sports Project

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Sports Project

Sports Links

Basic Research Qs

Collabor'n Ideas

The Lab Report

Project Pitfalls

Scoring Rubrics

Project Timeline

Other GBS Resources

GBS Physics Page

Physics 163 Page

Physics Projects Home Page

The Refrigerator

The Physics Classroom

Multimedia Physics Studios

The GBS Physics staff invite you to send electronic mail:

Tom Henderson

Howard Jenewein

John Lewis

Neil Schmidgall

Dave Smith

Suzanne Webb

Brian Wegley

Questions and comments can be sent to Tom Henderson.

This page last updated on 3/23/99.