Physics 163

Unit 4: Momentum and Collisions

Problem Set B

Problem 13:

A 1.5-kg cannon is mounted on top of a 2.0-kg cart and loaded with a 52.7 gram ball. The cannon, cart, and ball are moving forward with a speed of 1.27 m/s. The cannon is ignited and launches a 52.7 gram ball forward with a speed of 75 m/s. Determine the post-explosion velocity of the cannon and cart. Enter a negative value for a backward velocity and a positive value for an forward velocity.

• Read the problem carefully and diagram the physical situation (collision diagram)
• Identify known and unknown information in an organized manner (list on diagram)
• Take the time to plot out a strategy prior to beginning the solution
• Identify an appropriate formula to use (or use a momentum table)
• Perform step-by-step algebraic manipulations

General nformation about solving collision problems is described on the Set B Overview page.

A detailed description of the momentum conservation principle is provided online at The Physics Classroom.

Detailed solutions and discussions of several sample momentum problems are provided online at The Physics Classroom.

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