

Lesson 1: Basic Terminology and ConceptsWork: Definition and Mathematics of Work 
Lesson 1: Basic Terminology and ConceptsCalculating the Amount of Work Done by ForcesIn a previous part of Lesson 1, work was described as taking place when a force acts upon an object to cause a displacement. When a force acts to cause an object to be displaced, three quantities must be known in order to calculate the work. Those three quantities are force, displacement and the angle between the force and the displacement. The work is subsequently calculated as force*displacement*cosine(theta) where theta is the angle between the force and the displacement vectors. In this part of Lesson 1, the concepts and mathematics of work will be applied in order to analyze a variety of physical situations.

Diagram 
on the Object 
by Each Force 















3. Before beginning its initial descent, a roller coaster car is always pulled up the first hill to a high initial height. Work is done on the car (usually by a chain) to achieve this initial height. A coaster designer is considering three different incline angles at which to drag the 2000kg car train to the top of the 60meter high hill. In each case, the force applied to the car will be applied parallel to the hill. Her critical question is: which angle would require the most work? Analyze the data, determine the work done in each case, and answer this critical question.





a. 




b. 




c. 



4. Ben Travlun carries a 200N suitcase up three flights of stairs (a height of 10.0 m) and then pushes it with a horizontal force of 50.0 N at a constant speed of 0.5 m/s for a horizontal distance of 35.0 meters. How much work does Ben do on his suitcase during this entire motion?
5. A force of 50 N acts on the block at the angle shown in the diagram. The block moves a horizontal distance of 3.0 m. How much work is done by the applied force?
6. How much work is done by an applied force to lift a 15Newton block 3.0 meters vertically at a constant speed?
7. A student with a mass of 80.0 kg runs up three flights of stairs in 12.0 sec. The student has gone a vertical distance of 8.0 m. Determine the amount of work done by the student to elevate his body to this height. Assume that her speed is constant.
8. Calculate the work done by a 2.0N force (directed at a 30° angle to the vertical) to move a 500 gram box a horizontal distance of 400 cm across a rough floor at a constant speed of 0.5 m/s. (HINT: Be cautious with the units.) 

9. A tired squirrel (mass of 1 kg) does pushups by applying a force to elevate its centerofmass by 5 cm. Estimate the number of pushups which a tired squirrel must do in order to do a approximately 5.0 Joules of work.
Lesson 1: Basic Terminology and Concepts
 Work
 Definition and Mathematics of Work
 Calculating the Amount of Work Done by Forces
 Potential Energy
 Kinetic Energy
 Mechanical Energy
 Power
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19962007